The human body is built in a way that it tends to go acidic in nature. Hence, there is a need for us to maintain the pH balance of our bodies. If the human body becomes too acidic in nature, then it can start to malfunction and cause a lot of issues.
Let us take a deeper look into it.
What is the pH of the human body?
The level of acids and alkalis in the blood at which the body functions properly is called the body’s pH balance or acid-base balance. The kidneys and lungs play a pivotal part in maintaining the balance. On a scale of 0 to 14 (0 being the most acidic and 14 being the most alkaline) the normal blood pH level ranges between 7.35 to 7.45. The number can fluctuate but a massive imbalance can occur if the kidneys or the lungs malfunction. If the body becomes too acidic in nature, it can cause “Acidosis”, causing severe damage to the body.
Your body also regulates the natural acids that are by-products of metabolism, cellular breakdown, and respiration. The ideal pH level should bend towards the alkaline side i.e a pH between 7.35 and 7.45. However, this balance that the body strives to maintain is altered due to excess consumption of acidic substances (soft drinks, processed foods, dairy products, meat, refined sugar,etc to name a few) and also toxins in the environment. In some cases, the body manages to bounce back without any serious health hazard but sometimes it has to try harder in order to neutralize the excess acids in it.
pH Balance Disorders
Acidosis is caused by an imbalance in the blood pH. In the case of acidosis, the blood pH is less than 7.35. Let’s take a look at what happens when your body is acidic:
When your lungs cannot remove the required amount of carbon dioxide while you exhale, you have a condition known as respiratory acidosis. If you have a lung infection or any other respiratory diseases like asthma, emphysema, or severe pneumonia, you can have respiratory acidosis. Intake of narcotics or a heavy dose of sleep medications can also lead to acidosis. Nervous system disorders that amplify breathing trouble can also add to the possibility. The primary symptoms include drowsiness, fatigue, confusion, and headache. If left untreated it can lead to coma in rare situations.
When your body has excess acid that is formed in the kidneys, it leads to metabolic acidosis. The condition occurs when the body loses too much base or cannot get rid of excess acid. A lot of other factors such as having too little sodium bicarbonate in your blood, having an excess of ketones because of a lack of insulin, too much lactic acid in the body, and the failure of the kidneys to inject acid into the bloodstream can lead to this condition. Ingesting certain substances like antifreeze, methanol, and aspirin in large doses can also lead to metabolic acidosis. The primary symptoms could be nausea, exhaustion, and vomiting. This too can lead to coma and eventual death if untreated.
The level of pH in water can affect the properties of minerals and metals that are made available to the body. Water with a lower pH and heavy metals can be toxic and more harmful to the body. Doctors recommend drinking water that is slightly alkaline because it helps in better absorptions which leads to better flushing out of toxins. It helps balance the otherwise acidic nature of the human body.